Audiogram is the medical term for hearing test. This does mean the standard type of tone testing most people have experience with, ideally done in a sound proof room / sound booth. However, there are other parts to a start audiometry evaluation. The typical test also check acoustic reflexes, tympanometry, speech discrimination, sound reception threshold, test reliability, and more.
Below you can see the typical appearance of the pure tone aspect of an audiogram. There really is no black or white, hearing or no hearing type of result. The result is a spectrum of hearing levels across different frequencies of sound. Everyone will score differently for each frequency (and often differences between each ear), creating a sort of “hearing fingerprint”.